Back to overview


Becoming a barrister: the Inns of Court

updated on 15 June 2021

Joining one of the four Inns of Court is an important part of the process of becoming a barrister. As Inner Temple's interim director of education and training Struan Campbell explains, the Inns provide valuable opportunities for networking, scholarships and advocacy training beyond the mandatory qualifying sessions.

The Inns of Court continue to play an important part in the careers of aspiring and practising barristers. Nevertheless, the Inns' exact role is often still unclear.

The historic Inns of Court are one of the unique features of the Bar of England and Wales. Students must join one of the four Inns before starting their Bar course, which is the vocational stage of training that follows a law degree or law conversion. You will need to choose and join your Inn by 31 May of the year in which you intend to start your Bar course.

These four 'honourable societies' are Lincoln's InnInner TempleMiddle Temple and Gray's Inn, all of which are located in London's legal district alongside many sets of chambers housing self-employed barristers, and in close proximity to the Royal Courts of Justice and the Old Bailey.

The four collegiate institutions each have distinguished histories, having come into being around the middle of the 14th Century. The Inns were separately formed as institutions which had sole responsibility for legal education. The Bar course has since been devolved to higher-education institutions, but the Inns continue to play an essential part in the vocational training of student barristers and, once practising, in their continuing professional development.

Who are the members of the Inns of Court?

Each Inn's membership is comprised of students, barristers and judges. Senior members of the Inn are known as masters of the bench or 'benchers'. Masters of the bench form the governing body of the Inn and new benchers are chosen from existing members. The senior bencher of the Inn is the treasurer – a position held for a year. The under or sub-treasurer is the chief executive of the Inn. The collegiate nature of the Inns and the ability for new student members to learn from senior benchers should not be underestimated.

Why do I need to join an Inn?

The Inns of Court continue to hold the exclusive right of admission to the Bar. This process, known as 'call to the Bar', occurs after you have successfully completed your Bar course and have undertaken a number of professional exercises or 'qualifying sessions' organised by your Inn. Call to the Bar does not entitle you to practise as a barrister until you have completed pupillage and obtained a practising certificate.

Qualifying sessions consist of collegiate and educational activities which complement your Bar training. Students must complete 12 qualifying sessions to be called to the Bar. Qualifying sessions include lectures, advocacy training, moots and debates. Many of the Inns also organise conference weekends based around topical legal issues.

Do the Inns of Court offer scholarships?

The Inns, between them, offer approximately £5 million each year in scholarships and awards to students studying for the Bar. Awards are available for graduate law conversion courses and Bar courses. Application details are on the Inns' websites, but the closing dates are usually the first Friday in May for the GDL/new graduate law conversion courses and the first Friday in November the year before commencing a Bar course.

See more information on Inns of Court scholarships.

It is only possible to apply to one Inn for a scholarship. All Inn scholarships are based on merit, but some Inns take need into account when determining the value of the scholarship awarded. You should look carefully at the different scholarship requirements across the Inns and at what is on offer from each.

How do I choose an Inn of Court?

All four Inns provide a similar range of services including educational and collegiate activities, library facilities, support for barristers and student members, advocacy training, and other continuing professional development opportunities. Your choice of Inn could be guided by atmosphere, character or history, size, scholarship process, range of student societies or opportunities for advocacy training. Rather than rely on word of mouth, do your own research! The best way to determine which Inn is for you is to take part in activities for university students and go on tours arranged by the education and training department.

From dealing with admissions to calling aspiring barristers to the Bar, the Inns are bursting with activity all year round. Apart from organising educational activities, the Inns also undertake collegiate activities for their members and work with academics and career services at universities. The Inns also play an important role as regulators – for example, through the Inns of Court Conduct Committee and by assessing pupils’ advocacy – and work together with the representative and regulatory bodies on the policies affecting the profession and legal education and training. They also work with international jurisdictions to support relationships between the legal system of England and Wales and those overseas.

The Inns are also working on behalf of the profession to promote diversity and social mobility. The Inner Temple Schools Project works with charities such as Pathways to Law, the Social Mobility Foundation and National Education Trust to promote an understanding of the justice system and careers in law. The Pegasus Access and Support Scheme (PASS) offers formal mini-pupillages to students from under-represented backgrounds.

Do the Inns of Court provide training?

For practising members at both the pupillage and tenancy (or employed) stage, the Inns are hubs of advocacy training; through professional training they ensure that advocacy standards are met. This training is provided by experienced, highly skilled barristers and judges on a pro bono basis – they pass skills on to the next generation, just as their predecessors did before them. Mandatory courses for pupils and new practitioners are foundational components of barristers' vocational learning.

For further details of the services provided and the scholarships and awards available, see the Inns' websites and printed material. You can also contact members of the Inns' staff, who will be more than happy to offer you advice and arrange a tour.

And to find pupillage, use the Pupillage Gateway. Pupillage vacancies were available to view on the Gateway from Friday 27 November 2020 and were open from Monday 4 January to to Monday 8 February 2021. For those of you looking to apply next year, it’s likely that these dates will be similar.

Struan Campbell is the interim director of education and training at the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple.