updated on 28 April 2020
Current paralegal opportunities can be found on the LawCareers.Net Jobs page.
For law graduates not going on to the LPC or BPTC, a career as a professional paralegal is a real alternative.
Paralegal options exist in both the regulated and unregulated sectors, in the public and private sectors and in-house legal departments.
In the regulated sector, paralegals work primarily for solicitors, barristers, trademark attorneys, costs lawyers and licensed conveyancers. In this sector, working as a paralegal is not regarded as the same as being a qualified lawyer, and this is especially true in many solicitors’ firms.
Historically paralegals were to solicitors what skilled nurses were to doctors. However, the huge growth in the number of paralegals employed has meant that evermore complex work is delegated to paralegals and many run their own files and have their own clients, and some even run departments.
Obviously, in the regulated sector, the various professional groups are structured around solicitors, barristers, chartered legal executives, licenced conveyancers and notaries. Therefore, anyone who has not qualified in one of these professions, may not receive the same quality of work, compensation or career opportunity. This is not necessarily so for one part of the regulated profession: alternative business structures (ABS). There are now hundreds of ABS law businesses, and in many of them what counts most is your skill, ability and attitude; professional titles (or lack thereof) are secondary. In an ABS business you would, as a paralegal, be eligible to become a partner/director.
Beyond the regulated legal sector lies the unregulated sector. Most legal work is not deemed reserved activity work - which means anyone can do it. As a result, the unregulated sector is already large and continues to grow at a very fast rate. Over a decade of determined legal deregulation by government has encouraged the growth of around 6,000 paralegal law firms (ie, commercial organisations offering legal services without solicitor/barrister involvement). Compare that explosive growth to the four-and-a-half centuries it has taken for there to be around 10,300 solicitors’ firms.
Unregulated firms cover an extremely wide range of practice areas: will writing; uncontested divorce; criminal law; general business advice; debt recovery; construction disputes; and mediation, plus more. The unregulated sector is still in its infancy and so ‘paralegal law firms’ tend to be relatively small. They do, however, offer paralegals the opportunity to become senior practitioners/owners.
A 'paralegal' is an individual who is trained and educated to perform certain legal tasks, but who is not a solicitor, barrister, chartered legal executive, licenced conveyancer or notary. Even though there is no statutory regulation for paralegals as there is for solicitors and barristers, and anyone can refer to themselves as a ‘paralegal’, it is nonetheless recommended to have some training and qualification, or at least membership of a recognised paralegal body, such as National Association of Licenced Paralegals (NALP) or Institute of Paralegals (IoP) under your belt, especially if your intention is to work for yourself offering legal services and advice to your own clients. Having recognised qualifications, being licenced and a member of recognise body will give your clients confidence in the work you do.
These days the demand for access to justice at a reasonable cost has grown since there is virtually no legal funding for the average person in the street. The need for paralegal services is therefore growing exponentially, aided by the fact that the fees charged by paralegals are far less than those of solicitors and barristers.
A third area where paralegals are employed in significant numbers is with in-house legal departments in local government, finance, industry and commerce. As with solicitors’ firms, cost pressures are leading employers to increase their use of paralegals.
These days, there are bespoke nationally recognised paralegal qualifications available for an individual who is not interested in gaining a law degree at university. (see the Ofqual recognised qualifications offered by the National Association of Licensed Paralegals). There is even a Paralegal Practice qualification for those who have already gained a law degree but wish to move into the paralegal profession.
So, to sum up, if you have a degree but do not wish to pursue a career as a solicitor, barrister or chartered legal executive, there is another emerging profession that is just as rewarding. The role of the paralegal is becoming more recognised and more significant. For graduates, it’s the obvious alternative if they cannot go on to the LPC/BPTC and a great way to get the kind of experience that solicitor employers value, especially if becoming a solicitor or barrister remains the goal.
Amanda Hamilton, chief executive of NALP confirms that for those who still wish to qualify as solicitors, paralegal experience is a way to show that you are already aware of the law, practice and procedure, and can therefore become a valuable part of a firm.
Chennel Scott, who completed the NALP Level 7 Diploma in Paralegal Practice after gaining her LLB has been working for the same law firm now for nine years. She was offered a paralegal role immediately after graduating with her Level 7 Diploma and says: “I do a lot of civil litigation landlord and tenant disputes, bankruptcy insolvency and a wide range of other matters. I go to court and represent clients working with barristers but I also have my own case-load and I am very involved.”
Caroline Spencer-Boulton completed the NALP Level 4 Diploma in Paralegal Studies and was then offered a paralegal job in a criminal law firm where she honed her skills. She passed her police station accreditation to become a police station representative. After a number of years, Caroline set up her own paralegal services firm specialising in criminal defence and gained a NALP Licence to Practise. She says: “I attend at a police station if someone is arrested, and if they are charged, I can prepare their defence case in the magistrates court, crown court and beyond if necessary. I usually instruct a barrister to attend court to provide the advocacy throughout. I have been granted my licenced access which gives me the right, as a paralegal, to instruct barristers directly on behalf of my clients, without the need to go via a solicitor.”