Back to overview

The Oracle

Time limits on the validity of the law degree, GDL, LPC and BPTC

updated on 19 January 2021

Dear Oracle

I’m confused by the complicated guidance on how long legal qualifications are valid for. Once I graduate from my law degree, how long do I have to qualify as a solicitor before it expires?

The Oracle replies

We get a lot of questions on this and it is true that the guidance available is opaque. Let’s explain what time limits there are on the validity of qualifications for both aspiring solicitors and barristers.

Law degree/GDL if you want to become a solicitor

There is no time limit on the validity of a law degree or the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) for would-be solicitors. For candidates graduating from a law degree or GDL in 2021, the next step to qualifying as a solicitor is the Legal Practice Course (LPC). However, the LPC is going to be gradually replaced by the new Solicitors Qualifying Exam (SQE) from September 2021.

Anyone who starts a law degree or GDL up to September 2021 will have until as late as 2032 to complete the LPC and qualify as a solicitor through the ‘traditional’ route (however, course providers may not teach the LPC much beyond 2022 or 2023). Meanwhile, candidates who start an undergraduate degree or postgraduate law conversion after September 2021 will have to pass the SQE.

It is not necessary to have completed a law degree or GDL to take the SQE, so there is no time limit on the validity of either course for candidates taking the new ‘super exam’.


The LPC must be completed within five years of beginning the course. After you have completed the LPC, there is no expiration date on it. However, leaving a big gap between completing the LPC and applying for a training contract is something that recruiters who are looking for commitment to the profession will question you about.

Although the SQE will begin replacing the LPC in September 2021, the LPC will remain a valid route to qualifying as a solicitor until 2032 and will continue to be provided by universities and law schools until at least 2022.

Law degree/GDL if you want to become a barrister

For those pursuing a career as a barrister, the law degree/GDL must be completed within the maximum time limit of six years, although this rule can be relaxed in exceptional circumstances.

In addition, candidates must start the BPTC or one of the new Bar courses within five years of graduating from a law degree or GDL. If the BPTC is not started within this time, the law degree/GDL is regarded as stale. In some exceptional circumstances, the BSB may reactivate stale qualifications, but only if the applicant can prove he/she has “current competence in all of the foundation subjects, for example through legal work or study". The only other way to reactivate a stale qualification in order to be able to take the BPTC would be to complete (or re-complete) the whole of the GDL.


As above, the BPTC and the new Bar courses must be started within five years of completing the academic stage (a law degree or GDL). If you leave it later than that, your law degree/GDL will be viewed as stale and you won’t be able to do the BPTC.

Full-time BPTC students must complete the course within two years after their expected graduation date (ie, within three years of starting the course). Part-time BPTC students have to complete the course within three years after their expected graduation (ie, within four years of starting the course).

Once you complete the BPTC, you have five years to secure pupillage before the qualification expires. During that five-year period after graduating from the BPTC, you are free to apply for pupillage. If that five-year period expires without you having successfully secured pupillage, you can request an extension from the Bar Standards Board, which has the discretion to do so. The Bar Standards Board would take whether you have been working in the legal profession during that time (for example, as a paralegal) into account when making this decision.

We also advise you to check that your qualifications are recognised by the Solicitors Regulation Authority or Bar Standards Board.