Key law career questions
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Below are some of the most commonly asked questions about a career in the law. If you want to ask something not covered here, email your query to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Why should I choose law over other professions?
Don’t pursue a legal career for the sake of it; you need to have a strong desire to be a lawyer if you are to succeed. Do you find law interesting? Is there a particular practice area that has already caught your attention? Are you the kind of person who would thrive in a legal environment? The only way to really find out whether law is for you is by doing some quality work experience within and outside of the legal profession.
What skills and strengths do you need to be a good lawyer?
A number of core skills are needed to be a good lawyer - many of them you can hone during your academic studies and by doing work experience. The core strengths sought by legal recruiters are:
- intellectual ability;
- accuracy/attention to detail;
- commercial awareness (see below); and
- communication skills.
If you have the majority of these, law could be a good option for you!
What is commercial awareness?
Law firms often stress that their lawyers need to be ‘commercially aware’. This phrase can cause confusion, as it means different things to different people. However, in essence, it means that commercial lawyers deal with more than just the law. They must understand the client’s business and the market/environment in which it operates, and be proactive in spotting and suggesting ways to avoid potential problems that the client might face. Commercial awareness does not mean the same thing to a student as it will to an experienced businessperson. Nobody expects you to be a veteran of the boardroom; what firms are looking for is a combination of basic knowledge, interest and enthusiasm for commercial matters, and, most importantly, the ability and willingness to ‘think business’.
How important are grades at A level and uni?
Law is an intellectually rigorous career, which is why firms and chambers require excellent academics; in fact, many simply won’t look at applicants who have less than a 2.1 degree, and As and Bs at A level. It is therefore absolutely vital that you get the best grades you possibly can.
Should I go to university or try one of the new routes, such as an apprenticeship?
Over the past couple of years, the chance to work in the legal profession by way of a legal apprenticeship has become a real option. A small number of firms have started schemes whereby they take on school leavers to work in a role similar to that of a paralegal, as well as receiving on-the-job training that takes them towards a formal qualification. This is something to consider instead of going to university to study law – your reasons for doing so may be financial or the more vocational training might suit you better. See The Law Apprenticeships Guide for more detail.
How do I go about getting legal work experience?
As above, work placement schemes are a great way to learn more about the profession and many firms run schemes specifically for first years. You can get a comprehensive list of which firms are doing what and when on LawCareers. Net’s work placement deadlines page. But you are not restricted to these structured schemes – you may be able to get a day or two shadowing a trainee or associate simply by writing speculatively to firms/ chambers you’re interested in or which are local to you. You should also get involved with any university pro bono schemes or legal advice centres. Even if initially you’re just stuffing envelopes or answering phones, it’s all a valuable introduction to the types of work and client relationships that lawyers are involved with every day.
Why are work placement schemes so important?
Getting work experience at law firms is essential. Work placement schemes (usually run during university holidays) are a good place to start; they provide an opportunity for you to find out about not only law, but also individual firms. Firms increasingly rely on extended work placement schemes to figure out which candidates they really want to take on as trainees, so getting on a scheme is a great chance to impress and earn the offer of a training contract.
How do I go about getting legal work experience?
As above, work placement schemes are a great way to learn more about the profession and many firms run schemes specifically for first years. You can get a comprehensive list of which firms are doing what and when on LawCareers.Net’s work placement deadlines page. But you are not restricted to these structured schemes – you may be able to get a day or two shadowing a trainee or associate simply by writing speculatively to firms/chambers you’re interested in or which are local to you. You should also get involved with any university pro bono schemes or legal advice centres. Even if initially you’re just stuffing envelopes or answering phones, it’s all a valuable introduction to the types of work and client relationships that lawyers are involved with every day.
Do law firms prefer candidates to have a law degree?
Most firms are looking to recruit a balance of law and non-law graduates - in fact, these days roughly half of all solicitors are from non-law backgrounds, while studying another subject at university may also help to make you a more well-rounded individual. That means that if you have a burning desire to study English literature, but think you might want a career as a lawyer, it’s fine to do English at uni and convert to law by doing the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL). This postgraduate course squeezes the seven foundations of legal knowledge into one year. You then join the law graduates and do either the Legal Practice Course (LPC) or the Bar Professional Training Course (BPTC), followed by a training contract in a law firm or a pupillage in a set of chambers. But note: most firms do favour traditional academic subjects (eg, history or sciences) over more modern options (eg, media studies or drama).
Can I take a year out after uni?
Definitely - it’s something a lot of students do, especially if they don’t have a training contract or pupillage by the time they leave uni. A year out gives you the opportunity to spend time making and enhancing your applications. Along with gaining experience (both legal and commercial), travel and/or charity work are great gap-year favourites - and provided that you end up with more to talk about than the beach, they can really enhance your applications.
What do I need to know about the postgraduate law courses?
In brief, this is the compulsory vocational stage that must be completed before you do either the training contract (solicitor) or pupillage (barrister). The LPC and the BPTC are usually one-year courses, but each can be done two years part time, or by distance learning. Many providers around the country offer the courses, including our sponsor, Nottingham Law School. Alternatively CILEx offers a Graduate Fast Track Diploma.
But I keep hearing about SQE: what is it and how will it affect the postgraduate stage?
The SRA plans to introduce the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE) in 2020, which will likely replace the GDL and LPC with a two-stage framework governing how to qualify as a solicitor. The idea is to ensure that all qualified solicitors are of the same high standard, regardless of which route (ie, university, equivalent means or apprenticeship) they take to get there. However, there is great uncertainty around its implementation, including potential new SQE preparation courses, affordability, quality of training, and whether it will happen at all. At present, the best course of action is to keep your ear to the ground and your eyes on LCN, where we will be updating readers on all ‘super exam’ news as and when the situation develops.
Are postgraduate law courses expensive? Do I have to pay for them myself?
The total cost of qualifying as a solicitor or barrister is not to be underestimated. Over and above the £9,250 per year that you are likely to have to pay for your undergraduate degree, you will have to pay as much as £11,250, £16,200 or £19,070 (plus living costs) for, respectively, each of the GDL, LPC and BPTC in 2018-19. For this reason, it’s best to have a training contract or pupillage before embarking on any of the courses – some large firms/chambers offer sponsorship (usually covering course fees and maintenance grant) to their future trainees/pupils. At the very least, you’ll have a job at the end of all the study. Bank loans are usually the preferred option for those who self-fund; note, however, that most banks have withdrawn the preferential loan products that they used to offer to postgraduate law students. For more detailed funding advice, look at our ‘Finances’ section.
Have all lawyers been to private school and Oxbridge?
No. Most firms and chambers fully understand the benefits of a representative workforce, which means recruiting the best candidates regardless of background. These days, most go further by establishing their own diversity policies to ensure that they provide a welcoming and supportive environment for people whatever their gender, ethnicity, sexuality, age, socioeconomic background and so on. That said, different firms and chambers do have different personalities and it’s important to find one that suits you – a compelling reason to attend law fairs, open days and get work experience.
Is the role of lawyers essentially the same in all law firms and chambers?
No. Take solicitors’ firms - the work and lifestyle that you would experience in a large City firm and a small high-street practice are almost incomparable. And it’s the same thing with a London-based commercial barristers’ chambers and a small regional crime chambers. It's therefore vitally important that you find out which type and size of practice would suit you, by doing work experience and speaking to people in the profession. Only by getting first-hand experience and chatting to those in the know can you really start to get a feel for the kind of work that you think would appeal and that you would be good at.
What use is my careers service?
Your school or university careers service is a key resource. Some advisers specialise in the legal sector and are great for checking through work placement and training contract/pupillage applications (or speculative CVs and letters, if you’re trying to secure informal work experience). Some also have contacts at local law firms and chambers, so might even be able to help you set up some work shadowing.
How can I find out more?
There’s lots of info out there about careers in law. Pick up a copy of this year’s The LawCareers.Net Handbook (formerly The Training Contract & Pupillage Handbook) or our companion publication, The Law Apprenticeships Guide, from your careers service or a law fair (held at universities in autumn). Fairs are also a great place to speak to recruiters and current trainees/pupils.
Got a question not answered here? Go to www.lawcareers.net/information/oracle to find out if it has come up before. Alternatively, email the Oracle direct at email@example.com for a personalised response to your question.